Population Problem Essay

Population Problem Essay

Essay on population problem


India is suffering from an increasing population. According to the 2011 census of India, The population of India was 1210 million. The rural population is 833 million and the urban population is at 377 million. It was 1000 million (1 Billion) in 2001. The current population of India stands at 1.39 Billion as of 2021. The Growth rate during the last decade has been 12.5%. The population of a country becomes a  massive problem when it is far more than the capacity of the country's natural resources to maintain it. Every country has a limitation of the population so that the country remains under control.

India is the second-largest population in the world besides China. India's main problem is its large and growing population. A large population by itself is not a bad thing. There are some advantages and also disadvantages of having a large population. i.e, the larger the population the greater is the scope of production, manufacturing etc.

The Increasing population leads to many major problems such as poverty, unemployment, natural resources etc., also the main effect of the population explosion in our country is that it affects per capita income, degradation of the environment, high cost of living, air, water and food shortage. 

The Rising population demands large expenditure on education, medical care and public health. To control the population, there must be family planning and also use of contraceptives so that to avoid unwanted pregnancy. The Government has been promoting family planning methods so to control population explosion. India's large population is certainly not a blessing as it is proving to be a curse. Family planning and birth control are the only short term remedies to halt the rapid growth of the population. 

Despite giving greater attention to agriculture, manufacturing and production industries to maintain India's growing population, we are facing serious problems. The Death rate is not fully under our control but the Birth rate is in our hands. The medical practices for birth control are Vasectomy and Tubectomy operations. These are the two methods of sterilization. The Vasectomy is for men and the Tubectomy is for women. India's capacity to catch up with developed countries mainly depends on population control.
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